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IIHF World Juniors Overtime Rules 2023

By Kapil Sapkota / 13 July 2023 07:44 AM

Image: Canada celebrating the victory against Finland in IIHF World Junior Hockey Championship
Source : cp24

IIHF World Juniors Overtime Rules 2023 are the overtime sudden death 10 minutes period with the first scorer winning the game.

IIHF has two categories under Junior Ice Hockey World Championship, the first being the 'Under 20' age category. To participate in the IIHF Ice Hockey U20 World Championship, the player's age must be between 15 to 20 years on December 31 of the year in which the Championship Season ends.

The next category is the 'Under 18' age category. A player's age must be between 15 to 18 years to be eligible for the  IIHF Ice Hockey U18 World Championship, by December 31 of the year in which the Championship Season ends.

No under-age waiver is permitted in both leagues.

Overtime rules are made to decide the winning team during the playoffs.

World Juniors Overtime Rules 2023

Overtime rules for world juniors are set by International Ice Hockey Federation (IIHF) to determine the winning team during the playoff games.

When a playoff game is tied at the end of regulation time, an intermission of 3 minutes period is taken and a five-minute overtime period will be played. The teams are not allowed to change the ends for the overtime period. If a team scores a goal within the period, it will be declared the winner.

If no goal is scored by any of the teams during the period, Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure will apply.

Overtime Procedures in Play-Off Games set by IIHF are as follows:

  • A 10-minute sudden-death overtime period will be played after a three-minute intermission; for a tie at the end of regulation time in a Relegation Playoff, Placement Playoff, Quarter Final, Semi Final, and Bronze Medal Game.
  • The teams can not change the ends during overtime.
  • Each team plays overtime period at the numerical strength of three skaters and a goaltender.
  • The team scoring a goal during the period will be the winner.
  • If no team scores the goal during the OT, Penalty-Shot Shootout (PSS) will be exercised.
  • For the Gold Medal Games, 20-minute sudden-death overtime periods will be played until the winning goal is scored. There will be a 15-minute intermission between each period. The ice will be resurfaced during the intermission.

Image: Team USA after gold at the IIHF World Junior Championship, 2021
Source : nhl

IIHF Gold Medal Game Overtime Rules

Shootouts don't take place in the gold-medal games.

When the gold-medal game still ties after three periods of regulation, then the game goes to a 20-minute sudden-death overtime play after a three minutes intermission. The overtime periods are continued until a team scores a goal, unlike the previous rounds.

A 15-minute intermission is taken between each overtime period and the ice is resurfaced. The team to score first will win the game and the gold medal.

The 2023 World Junior Championship winner was decided in overtime. Canada won the match against the Czech Republic as Dylan Guenther scored in overtime.


IIHF Overtime Rules 2023

When a match is tied after ending of the regulation time, an overtime period of five minutes will be played after an intermission of three minutes.

The teams can't change the ends during the overtime period. If a team scores a goal during the five-minute overtime, the team will be declared the winner.

If the overtime expires without making any scores by the teams, then the Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure will be applied.

Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure

When no team can score a goal in the overtime period, Penalty-Shot Shootout Procedure will take place to decide the winner. The following process will take place for the penalty-shot shootout:

  • Five different shooters from both teams shall take alternate shots until a decisive goal is scored.
  • The penalty-shot shootout will continue with a tie-break shot out by one player of each team, with a reversed shooting order if the game is still tied after five shots by each team.
  • The team can use the same player for each shot by a team in the tie-break shoot-out.
  • Only the decisive goal will be counted in the result of the game.
  • Shots are made at both ends of the ice. The area of the ice to be used will be dry scraped.
  • A coin toss will be carried out to determine which team takes the first shot. The winner of the toss has the choice of whether his team will shoot first or second.
  • Any player cannot take the shots whose penalty was not over when overtime ended.
  • The goaltenders shall defend the same goal as in the overtime period. The goaltenders from both teams may be changed after each shot.

NHL Hockey Playoff Overtime Rules 2023

With 3-on-3 hockey for five minutes giving way to a shootout if games are still tied, the NHL overtime is often dramatic these days.

However, the rules are completely different in the NHL playoffs. Here are the NHL hockey overtime rules explained:
When the playoff teams are tied after the regulation, a 5-on-5 overtime is added with 20 minutes. The team scoring the first goal will be the winner. So, it's called "sudden death".

If no team scores a goal in that overtime, another 20-minute overtime period will be added, and so on until a team scores a goal.

This is definitely exhausting to the players, but thrilling and fun for the fans.

(Watch: Every OT Goal | 2023 NHL Playoffs | 1st Round)

Stanley Cup Playoff Overtime Rules

There's no shootout for the Stanley Cup Playoffs.

Overtime is played at 5-on-5 with 20 minutes long same as a normal period. The first team making a score wins the game.

If no team makes a goal in the first overtime period, the second overtime will be played. It continues until a team scores a goal.

22 games in the 2022 NHL playoffs needed extra time to decide a winner. The Avalanche and Lightning had two of their six games go to overtime for the Stanley Cup Final.

What are the overtime rules in the regular season of the NHL?

If a regular season gets tied after three periods, overtime will take place.

A five-minute period of overtime will be played, where the team to score first will win the match. The overtime period is played three-on-three. Both teams will have three skaters on the ice.

There used to be four skaters on each side for years. But, from the start of the 2015-16 season, NHL adopted the three-on-three format.

The team that goes on the power play gets a skater during the occurrence of a penalty. That makes it four-on-three during the duration of the penalty. When the team on the penalty kill commits another penalty, then it will go five-on-three.

After the expiration of the penalty, that player can go to the ice to play 4-on-4 until the next whistle. Then, the game continues to 3-on-3.


College Hockey Playoff Overtime Rules

The NCAA semifinals and championship both fall under the same type of overtime rules.

If the match is tied after regulation, a 20 minutes period of overtime at five-on-five hockey is played. Whichever team makes the first score wins the game, so it is sudden-death style.

If no score is made from any of the teams in the first overtime period, then the game continues with a second, third so on overtime period until a team scores.

Image: Cale Makar, one of the famous college hockey players
Source : wikipedia

NCAA College Hockey Overtime Rules for Regular Season

The overtime rules for the regular seasons are different than in the playoffs.

In the NCAA games, the match may end in ties, or go to a shootout, depending on the conference.

The overtime rules in the regular season for college hockey are mentioned here:

  • Teams will play a five-minute overtime period of 3-on-3 hockey.
  • The overtime period is played in the sudden-death style. So the first team to score wins the game.
  • If no one scores after ending of the OT period, then the game either ends in a tie or goes to the shootout, depending on the teams playing:
    • All the non-conference games will end in a tie after the five-minute overtime
    • certain conferences will have a shootout to determine the winner of the contest in conference games
  • Each team will select three shooters to go for the three rounds of the shootout when a shootout occurs.
  • The team scoring the most goals scored after the three rounds will win the game.
  • If the first shootout ends in a tie, the shootout again takes place until deciding the winner.

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