What Causes A Penalty Shot In Hockey?
A penalty shot is caused by a committed foul by the offending team. The penalty is also given to the opponent who substitutes illegally or picks up the puck with a hand in the goal crease.
The penalty shot is given to the victim team to restore the lost chance of scoring. The referee first announces over the Public Address System which player is entitled to take the shot. He then places the puck in the center of the face-off spot to resume the play.
Here is a summary of penalty shots taken in different events during the game:
- Deliberate illegal substitution.
- Intentionally dislodging the net from its moorings during a breakaway.
- Intentionally dislodging the net from its moorings when the penalty can not be served in its entirety within regulation time.
- Falling on the puck in the goal crease.
- Picking up the puck with the hand in the goal crease.
- Player on a breakaway who is interfered with by an object thrown or shot by a defending team player
- Player on a breakaway who is interfered with by a player who has illegally entered the game.
- The player throws or shoots an object at the puck in his defending zone.
- Player on a breakaway who is fouled from behind.
Deliberate illegal substitution
Illegal substitution happens when a player enters the game illegally from either the form player's bench or penalty bench or when a player enters the game with the sole purpose of preventing to score on a breakaway.
Breakaway is a position in which there is no opposition between the attacking player and the defending goalie.
During such a position, if the attacking player is interfered with by an illegal substitution, a penalty shot is immediately called to penalize the substituting team.
Falling on the puck in the goal crease
Except for the goalkeeper, no one is permitted to fall on the puck, hold it, pick it up, or gather it into the body when it is in the goal crease.
If such an incident is noticed, the play is immediately stopped, and a penalty shot is ordered against the team committing the offense.